Elliot’s ascension to the top step of the podium was matched by tennis player John Pius Boland a few days later, and in the 124 years since a further 261 gold medals have been won by British athletes at Summer Games at home and abroad.
That tally puts Great Britain second on the all-time Summer Games medal table, behind only the USA and Soviet Union.
Team GB has dominated on the cycling track since the turn of the century so it should come as little surprise that it is inside the velodrome that the biggest medal hauls have been won.
Sir Bradley Wiggins competed at five Olympics, winning gold at four consecutive Games between 2004-2016.
The Breakaway - Bradley Wiggins' memories of winning gold in the London 2012 Olympic time trial
The most decorated female British athlete is rower Katherine Grainger, who won five medals during a 16-year Olympic career.
Bradley Wiggins - eight medals (five gold, one silver, two bronze)
Chris Hoy - seven (six gold, one silver)
Jason Kenny - seven (six gold, one silver)
Steve Redgrave - six (five gold, one bronze)
Ben Ainslie - five (four gold, one silver)
Jack Beresford - five (three gold, two silver)
Henry Taylor - five (three gold, two bronze)
Max Whitlock - five (two gold, three bronze)
Katherine Grainger - five (one gold, four silver)
Kathleen McKane Godfree - five (one gold, two silver, two bronze)
Most gold medals
Rio 2016 was Great Britain’s most successful overseas Summer Games with the team returning home with 130 medals, 59 of which were gold.
Male cyclist Jason Kenny helped himself to three cycling gold medals, to draw level with Chris Hoy — who beat him in the sprint final at Beijing 2008 — on six Olympic titles.
Gold medalist Jason Kenny (GBR) of Britain poses with his gilfriend, women's omnium gold medalist Laura Trott (GBR) of Britain.
Image credit: Reuters
Kenny’s wife and fellow cyclist, Laura Kenny has won more gold medals (four) than any other British female athlete. Steve Redgrave is the only British athlete to win gold at five consecutive Games.
Chris Hoy - six
Jason Kenny - six
Bradley Wiggins - five
Steve Redgrave - five
Ben Ainslie - four
Mo Farah - four
Laura Kenny - four
Matthew Pinsent - four
Paulo Radmilovic - four
Jack Beresford - three
Ed Clancy - three
Reginald Doherty - three
Charlotte Dujardin - three
Richard Meade - three
Pete Reed - three
Henry Taylor - three
Andrew Triggs Hodge - three
George Wilkinson - three
Most track and field medals
Great Britain has won 55 track and field gold medals to date, most recently Mo Farah’s 5,000m and 10,000m double in Rio four years ago. The distance runner is Britain’s most successful Olympic track and field athlete.
Mo Farah - four medals (four gold)
Seb Coe - four (two gold, two silver)
Guy Butler - four (one gold, one silver, two bronze)
Christine Ohuruogu - four (one gold, one silver, two bronze)
Albert Hill - three (two gold, one silver)
Linford Christie - three (one gold, two silver)
David Hemery - three (one gold, one silver, one bronze)
Mary Rand - three (one gold, one silver, one bronze)
Steve Backley - three (two silver, one bronze)
Kriss Akabusi - three (one silver, two bronze)
Watch: The best of Team GB's historic 'Super Saturday'
Most medals won at a single Games
Henry Taylor became the first British athlete to win three gold medals at a single Summer Games when he claimed victory in the 400m freestyle, 1500m freestyle and 4x200m freestyle at the 1908 Olympics in London.
He remained the sole Brit to achieve that feat for exactly 100 years, until Chris Hoy took completed a gold medal triple at Beijing 2008.