Russia could miss out on the Tokyo Olympics next summer and world championships in a wide range of sports.

WADA's independent Compliance Review Committee recommended the ban, after Moscow provided WADA with laboratory data that was found to have been doctored.

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"It's sad. I can only call these recommendations unfair," Umar Kremlev, head of Russia's boxing federation, said in a statement.

Russia plays an important role in the development of global sport. How can such a country be banned?

The committee's recommendations will be put to the agency's executive committee at meetings in Paris on Dec. 9.

For Dmitry Svishchev, president of Russia's curling federation, the country has already sufficiently been punished for its doping scandals.

Bobsleigh racer Alexander Zubkov of the Russia Olympic team carries his country's flag alongside model Irina Shayk (centre) during the Opening Ceremony of the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics at Fisht Olympic Stadium on February 7, 2014

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"These recommendations are harsh, baseless punishment for old problems for which Russia has already been punished," he told Reuters.

Russia has made great progress in fighting doping. To punish the next generation in such a harsh manner is too much.

Russia was banned by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) from last year's Pyeongchang Winter Games as punishment for alleged state-sponsored doping at the 2014 Sochi Olympics.

But some Russian athletes with no history of doping were cleared to compete as neutrals.

Under the latest recommendations of the compliance committee, some Russians without a history of doping could be cleared to compete in major international events as neutrals, as was the case in Pyeongchang.

Maxim Agapitov, president of the weightlifting federation, told TASS news agency that keeping Russia away from major international competitions was counterproductive and would not improve the fight against doping.

Russia Olympics

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The committee also recommended barring Russia from hosting major sporting events for four years, and moving major events for which Russia has already won hosting rights elsewhere "unless it is legally or practically impossible to do so."

Russia is currently set to host the 2023 men's world ice hockey championship.

St. Petersburg is due to host four matches in the 2020 European championships and was selected to host the Champions League final in 2021. These fixtures may not be affected by a new WADA ban as European football's organising body UEFA is not on its list of signatories.

"Given that UEFA is not a WADA signatory and Russian soccer players have not been caught doping, I am 99.9% certain that nothing will happen with the Euro next year," parliamentarian Igor Lebedev, a former member of the Russian Football Union's executive committee, was quoted as saying by the Interfax news agency.

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