The 24-year-old retired while trailing Pablo Cuevas 6-3 4-6 2-4 during his third round match at Indian Wells earlier this week.
"Unfortunately I have to pull out from Miami. Hopefully I will be 100 percent again on the clay in Europe," Thiem said on his official Instagram account.
Indian Wells Masters
Del Potro ends Federer's 17-match winning streak in 2018 to take title
18/03/2018 AT 23:06
Thiem joins a list of top players, including Rafael Nadal and Stan Wawrinka, to withdraw from the Miami Open, which is held from March 21 to April 1.
Indian Wells Masters
Federer survives scare, to face Del Potro in Indian Wells final
18/03/2018 AT 07:02
Indian Wells Masters
Raonic outlasts Querrey, will face Del Potro in semi-finals
17/03/2018 AT 00:05